Outstanding, low growing, shrub pine with a mounding form. It primarily infects Scotch, Mugo and Ponderosa , but it is also found in some firs and other species of pine. Dark green needles are topped by many small, round, brown cones. Dothistroma affects mainly ponderosa and Austrian pines. Located in Guilford county of the Piedmont triad region of north-central North Carolina, we supply quality plant material to garden centers, landscapers, and contractors in the mid-atlantic region. Lophodermium seditiosum infects needles of Austrian (Pinus nigra), mugo (P. Dwarf Mugo Pine has emerald green foliage. ) and has moved north from Missouri, Kansas. Our slow growing Dwarf Mugo Pine -- a perfect, natural sculpture -- is the tree for you. Some studies have shown a positive effect of those antioxidants on cardiovascular disease. resinosa) pines, and rarely in white pine (P. Mops Mugo Pine (P. Gossett's Landscape Nursery, Inc are growers of superior quality woody ornamental plants, shrubs, and trees since 1955. I don't want to lose it!. uncinata) - Tree-like, otherwise similar to Mugo Pine. Mugo Pine has dark green foliage. A condensed, bun-like plant, growing only an inch or two each year. Early detection is best! Inspect needles at the beginning of May for signs of the larvae, including brown straw-like needles and of course the larvae themselves. Manage this disease by maintaining good air circulation, mulching and preventing sprinklers from spraying needles. Mugo Pine Bonsai Tree (pinus mugo 'valley cushion') Unique Mugo Pine Bonsai Keep Outdoors Dwarf evergreen with dense growth habit. Others, after a dozen years may be twice that size. The first noticeable symptom of Rhizosphaera needle cast is a browning and loss of the innermost needles on the lower branches of spruce trees. This pine is susceptible to rusts. We had landscaping done in front of the house about 3 yrs ago and these things really looked great. pini cause the serious pine needle disease, Dothistroma needle blight (DNB). This disease tends to show up in crowded, mature pine plantings. Mugo pines are a great alternative to junipers for gardeners who want something different in the landscape. Enter the local natives, who served the remaining men a traditional brew extracted from pine bark and needles. Take care to plant the bud union above the soil level. 5 needles per fasicle ; approx. Dothistroma needle blight is caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella pini. Diplodia Tip Blight: Sphaeropsis sapinea Dead, brown needles at the tips of pine branches may signal the presence of Diplodia tip blight. No additives. Among European pines, it is the most tolerant to cold climates and to bedrock lithology,. mugo ; Pinus mugo var. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage. In Sep-Oct this pine “sheds “ all of its needles that grew out the previous year. The best time to treat is when the new "candles" have formed and not opened the new needles yet. Sprays should be applied twice in the spring after new growth appears, once in mid-May and again 4 to 6 weeks later. Diplodia tip blight is one of the most visible diseases in the urban environment. The disease (also called Sphaeropsis Tip Blight) can be seen occasionally on red, Swiss stone, and eastern white pines; Douglasfir; and blue, Norway, and white spruce. Yellow to tan spots enlarge to form dark reddish bands on the needles in the fall. Needles in pairs, usually 2. Combined with the soft texture and open structure of the Eastern White Pine this makes fall needle shed easily seen. Swiss Stone Pine (P. The “worms” that are eating the needles on your mugo pine are the larvae of the European pine sawfly. "Dominated by extensive mono-dominant stands of the obligatory shrubby pine species Pinus mugo Turra" (Dullinger et al. sylvestris), ponderosa pine (P. Pine needle scale is a common issue on pine trees. Jeanne Rose writes that Mugo Pine is used in Europe for diseases of the skin and scalp and particularly at healing spas where it is inhaled for ailments of the respiratory organs, including pleurisy and tuberculosis. Dwarf Mugo Pine is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub, selected and trained to grow in a small tree-like form with the primary plant grafted high atop a standard. Pinus mugo var. For both diseases, control measures include removing fallen needles and pine cones from the. A great alternative to Junipers, its dense branches are packed with very dark green needles. The needles remain emerald green throughout the winter. It is very tolerant and can handle poor, rocky, dry, or windy conditions. Infection period: Overlapping periods of infection with most occurring mid -April through August. Lophodermium seditiosum infects needles of Austrian (Pinus nigra), mugo (P. Pine sawfly is a green and black caterpillar like insect that chews pines needles. As a native organism to North America it is a primary pathogen of non-native, 2-3 needle pines. We had landscaping done in front of the house about 3 yrs ago and these things really looked great. uncinata on limestone on the Col de La Pierre St Martin, Pyrenees. The compact types with many stems are the most desirable. Very attractive as a solo specimen or in combination with more finely textured evergreens or broad-leaf perennials. Pinus mugo var. Pine needle scale on a mugo pine (Pinus mugo). These needle diseases appear to be most damaging on highly susceptible strains of Scots pine grown for Christmas trees or on trees that are in poor vigor because of some site-related factor, insect injury, or other disease. Combined with the soft texture and open structure of the Eastern White Pine this makes fall needle shed easily seen. Where it occurs: throughout the state; Symptoms: Symptoms occur in late spring with new shoots becoming brown and stunted, the new needles have similar symptoms. Mugo Pine Bonsai Tree (pinus mugo 'valley cushion') Unique Mugo Pine Bonsai Keep Outdoors Dwarf evergreen with dense growth habit. Tip browning of pines is symptomatic of Diplodia tip blight (Diplodia pinea, syn. The fungus was identified as Sordaria fimicola by morphological analyses. Many visible buds punctuate the foliage of this dense, slightly irregular, miniature bun. Mugo pines (also known as Mountain Pines) are easily available at garden centres and nurseries compared to most pine species. No need to register, buy now!. Widely used in foundation plantings, and is an excellent choice for bonsai projects and Japanese gardens. "Dominated by extensive mono-dominant stands of the obligatory shrubby pine species Pinus mugo Turra" (Dullinger et al. Pinus mugo Winter Gold is a hard to find dwarf mountain pine, with unusual and highly attractive bright golden yellow needles in winter. Disadvantages: The Scots Pine does acquire pine needle cast, the larvae or the European saw fly and pine needle scale but these problems can be controlled by a rose spray. Pinus mugo 'Piggelmee' A miniature Mugo Pine, evergreen conifer with tiny green needles and a flat bun shape. Control Strategies. The only mugo pine to hold its shape and have a single trunk. "A small tree or low multi-stemmed. Trying to keep your pine small and compact with constant pruning would be painful for everyone. Longleaf Pine. As summer wanes, dead Scotch Pines have been appearing with more frequency in communities along the Front Range of Colorado. Learn more about Monrovia plants and best practices for best possible plant performance. Pine wilt nematodes (Bursaphelenchus xylophilis) usually affect Scots, mugo, Japanese black and Austrian pine trees in the late summer or fall. 5-5 cm long, basal sheath up to 1. Diplodia tip blight occurs on many pines. resinosa), mugo (mugho) (P. This common pine pathogen kills needles of all ages and can weaken or kill Austrian pine trees. Shrubby evergreen conifer with sharp rigid needles from the high mountains of Europe. These insects are easiest to kill in the crawler stage, which in many areas of the country is in late spring. resinosa) and Scots (P. Rows of small, black spheres form along the length of infected needles and are visible with a 10X hand lens. Its bright green leaves are needle shaped, are borne in pairs and are up to 7cm long. Valley Cushion Mugo Pine is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. Prune a Mugo Pine in the Spring. The wild mugo species grows 15 to 20 feet tall. Diseases: Diplodia tip blight is a common problem and Mugo Pine is very sensitive. The "worms" that are eating the needles on your mugo pine are the larvae of the European pine sawfly. A slow growing addition perfect for rockeries and garden beds. Forms a dense mound that will not outgrow the landscape. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The fungus Sphaeropsis sapinea attacks mature mugo pines that are at least 12 years Needle Blight. I believe it’s because of the aggressive fertilizing I’ve been putting it through. Austrian and ponderosa pines usually retain needles. Pinus mugo var. Some spruce, fir, and cedar species are also vulnerable to infection. Two light stripes and one dark stripe run down the sides of the body. Mugo pine is often cultivated as a bonsai and is hardy down to U. Conical or Rounded Shape. D ON'T PANIC: Nothing's wrong, and they're not all dying in unison, I promise. Pine Needle Tea Recipe from the Farmer’s Almanac. Like their towering cousins the pine trees, mugos have dark green color and fresh pine smell year round, but in a much smaller package. European pine sawfly. Don’t Butcher Your Pine The Mugo gets large when left unpruned I have to make this small entry, to save someone out there from the butchering I saw was once done to mugo pines. However, the pathogenic mechanism of. The wild mugo species grows 15 to 20 feet tall. The symptoms of needle cast first appear on needles as light green to yellow spots, which eventually turn red or brown. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 8, they incubate European sawfly larvae. Pine sawfly is a green and black caterpillar like insect that chews pines needles. Keep trees healthy and prune out the infected branches. Trees usually die about 30 to 90 days after symptoms appear. Diplodia Tip Blight & Canker (Diplodia pinea (Sphaeropsis sapinea)) Dothistroma Needle Blight (Dothistroma septospora) Insect Damage. Place needs in a glass, ceramic, or stainless teapot. Scale starts out slowly and can gradually infest all the parts of the plant, but it takes several seasons, the perfect weather conditions and often starts in stressed plants. rostrata Antoine; Pinus. Landscape Attributes. Pinus mugo is a slow growing pine native to the mountainous areas of central and southern Europe. Dothistroma needle blight is a common fungal disease that causes browning of needles of Austrian, ponderosa, and mugo pines. Plant in full sun with moist, well-drained soil. Thread starter study up on Mugo pine care by reading posts and articles by @Vance Wood on this forum. Pine wilt can cause browning of needles over the entire tree or can be limited to specific branches. Pinus mugo is known as a spreading, slow-growing evergreen shrub with ascending branches and relatively short needles, used at foundations and entranceways, on embankments, within rock gardens, as a facer shrub, as formal or informal hedges, and in raised planters, often getting larger than intended, but tolerant of pruning or shearing. Needle cast is common on small trees and plantation or forest trees. Pinus mugo ‘Gnom’ (Mugo pine). rostrata Antoine; Pinus. What should I do? The “worms” that are eating the needles on your mugo pine are the larvae of the European pine sawfly. Pinus mugo 'Gnome' Dwarf Mugo Pine. Scirrhia acicola ; anamorph Lecanosticta acicola), the causal agent of brown spot needle blight, was observed on Pinus mugo in the Botanical Garden in Gardone (Brescia), on the western side of Garda Lake in northeastern Italy. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 7, is enjoyed for its relatively dense crown, symmetrical form and slow growth rate. Leaves: Two needles to a bundle. Being an evergreen, this bonsai looks great throughout the year. How And When To Plant Mugo Pine Shrubs - can the mugo plant shrub be planted in a pot; Q. Growth of the fungi from the spots on the needle will cause death of the entire needle. The needles remain emerald green throughout the winter. Plant your Mugo Pine in full to part sun for best results. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Sherwood Compact Mugo Pine has dark green foliage. This pine is susceptible to rusts. Diplodia tip blight is one of the most visible diseases in the urban environment. Native to Europe, mugo pine grows in U. Golden Mugo Pine Growing and Maintenance Tips A popular choice for foundation plantings or rock gardens that are sunny (for needle colour), have medium moisture levels and are well-drained. Landscape Attributes Mops Mugo Pine is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. The needles remain emerald green throughout the winter. Trying to keep your pine small and compact with constant pruning would be painful for everyone. It was found as a witch's broom on Pinus mugo 'Mops' by Richard Haslebacher of Conifer Kingdom. This bonsai will provide an experience that is perfect for beginners because it is a very low-maintenance bonsai with a hearty constitution. Pinus mugo subsp. The oil is steam distilled from the leaves and twigs of Pinus Purnilio, also called Pinus Montana or Pinus Mugo. Diseases of Conifers Rhizosphaera Needle Cast • Hosts (minor) - Pines: Austrian, mugo, eastern white pine - Douglas fir - Hemlock - Balsam fir and other firs • Favorable environment - Long periods of needle wetness - High humidity Diseases of Conifers Rhizosphaera Needle Cast • Control - DO NOT plant Colorado blue spruce. Meaning of mugo pine. They vary widely in size, from the tiny 4-foot dwarf mugo pines (Pinus mugo), to the stately 100-foot white pine (Pinus strobes). Pine needle scale is a common issue on pine trees. Sphaeropsis tip blight, formerly known as Diplodia, is a fungal tree disease most commonly affecting Austrian pines (Pinus nigra), Scotch pine (P. Like tip blight, needle blight or Dothistroma is a result of a fungus. No additives. Big Tuna Mugo Pine is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Landscape Attributes. The needles remain emerald green throughout the winter. lambertiana) and western white. Landscape Attributes. In waterlogged soil, the pathogen can infect roots and will move up into the root crown and lower trunk of the plant. Needles persist up to five years. Plant Details. You may see episodes of pine needle cast, which is a fungal disease that causes the needles to turn brownish-red and fall off. Pine wilt disease, a fatal disease of Scotch, Austrian and mugo pines, has been identified in eastern South Dakota to just north of the Watertown, S. 4' tall x 2' wide in 10 years. Other susceptible pines include red ( P. Its name may be somewhat misleading. Western Forest Insects (Furniss and Carolin, 1977)states that pine spittlebug adults are found on pine, Douglas fir, hemlock, spruce, and fir. On the other hand, if you don’t keep up timely pruning, you will have a monster bush on your hands ( like […]. Once established these shrubs are drought tolerant. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Item #2 mentions using pine needles boiled down into a tea. It had been shorn for years so that it looked just like every other landscape meatball. Landscape Attributes. #75250865 - needles and buds of pinus mugo, known as creeping pine or swiss. The needles remain emerald green throughout the winter. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Worms on Mugo Pine. Pine needle scale feeds by sucking plant juices from the needles, causing them to turn yellow and eventually brown. 20 hours ago · NEEDLES — Mustangs football leapt to an early lead then posted a third-quarter comeback before falling to the White Pine Bobcats 30-20 in Ely, Nev. Looks like the pics of pine needle scales. Suitability as Bonsai: 10 on a scale of 1 to 10 [As suspected your not so humble editor feels the Scots Pine should supercede all other pines as a bonsai in this area. The mugo pine is just 4 or 5 feet away, but further from the house than the azalea. Present (Limited) Likelihood to spread in UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high) 2. Believed to be the first single-stem tree form of Mugo Pine to be commercially produced and distributed, it was selected from hundreds of seedlings in the trial beds of McCrory Gardens at South Dakota State Unive. Semi-dwarf growing to 4 feet high and wide in 10 years. Medicinal use of Dwarf Mountain Pine: It is also very beneficial to the respiratory system and so is useful in treating diseases of the mucous membranes and respiratory complaints such as coughs, colds, influenza and TB. Define mugo pine. Mops Mugo Pine has emerald green foliage. The disease has caused significant economic losses and damage to forests. Pine needle scale is more likely to be a problem on imported species of two-needle pines such as Scots and Mugo, but large numbers have been occasionally reported on red pine, spruce and Fraser fir. Pinus montana var. Pine wilt is one of the most devastating diseases that can be encountered by your trees. the product to control listed diseases at a rate of 1. " But eminent horticulturist Liberty Hyde Bailey wrote in 1933 that the original scientific naming of the species in 1764 was Mugo, with Mugho being one of its several natural varieties. The nymphs congregate and feed. Dense compact form with dark green needles. The legs and head are shiny black. Pine Sawflies There are two species of sawfly that are serious pests of pines in New England, the redheaded pine sawfly and the European pine sawfly. It affects much pine in the Midwest including mugo, Japanese black, Virginia, eastern white pine, and most noticeably Scots pine. Insects/Pests & Diseases: Although these trees are, overall, pest and disease resistant, they can be affected by certain conditions, especially if not kept healthy. The only mugo pine to hold its shape and have a single trunk. However, with bonsai you want to show off the best parts of the tree, especially when it's from collected material like this. Very attractive as a solo specimen or in combination with more finely textured evergreens or broad-leaf perennials. Of the small conifers, this is the easiest to grow in gardens and is often used individually or in small clusters with boulders. It infects needles as all of them do, but then grows down into the shoot. pine trees study guide by mgilvey includes 9 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Pine Needle Scale. Dwarf Mugo Pine has emerald green foliage. Landscape Attributes. The symptoms on needles are similar. This Pin was discovered by Sou Triant. Pinus mugo 'Valley Cushion' This photo was taken at Bickelhaupt Arboretum located in Clinton, IA in their 'Heartland Collection of Garden Conifers' in March of 2004. The Mugo Pine's name may be misleading, as it only grow between 3 to 10 feet in height and much resembles a shrub or a bush as opposed to the quite larger trees associated with the Pine Family. ponderosa), and red pine (P. Pinus mugo is Swiss stone pine, with the potential for about 15' in height. A perfectly proportioned miniature pine, Pinus mugo subsp, uncinata ‘Jezek’ has glossy, deep green needles, and a tidy mounding form. Pinus mugo `Chameleon' PIN 2811 - A dwarf form of mugo Pine. This is usually a symptom of other problems like bark beetles, so check the tree for other pests and diseases. The mugo pine is just 4 or 5 feet away, but further from the house than the azalea. Austrian pine and Ponderosa pine are. And true to its name, this is a low-growing, shrubby pine that is often planted in rock gardens and other settings for its pleasing, rounded shape (however, some cultivars can grow up to 20 feet or 6 m tall!). I’m working on a pinus Nigra with needle cast I believe, and am paranoid of any cuts including cutting needles even though I am treating for the disease. Native to Europe, mugo pine grows in U. Dark green needles year round and spreading growth to 2ft. TREE CARE: Plant in a well drained and well worked soil. These needle blights are caused by the fungus, Dothistroma pini mostly on western pines and Scirrhia acicola on longleaf and Scots pine needles. I am not sure if the yellowing needles on the branches and trunk is normal, or an indication of some ill state, this is a Pinus parviflora "IBO CAN" I purchased it from a bonsai Nursery in August. Pine needle rust discolors needles and slows tree growth of young pines with 2 or 3 needles per bundle. This year it has had its needles turning brown starting with the interior base and moving up and out. This is a relatively low maintenance shrub. Propagation: Plant seeds in the fall in moist soil. Pine wilt is a lethal disease caused by a native nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus), vectored to trees by a wood borer insect–the pine sawyer beetle (Monochamus spp. Dothistroma needle blight of pine trees causes needles to turn brown and fall off. A great alternative to Junipers, its dense branches are packed with very dark green needles. I've seen old specimens of Mugo Pine in cemeteries that are definitely 15 to 20 feet high and wide; still with a shrubby form with several trunks. Bursaphelenchus xylophilus is the pathogen that causes pine wilt disease (PWD). This disease tends to show up in crowded, mature pine plantings. The Slowmound Mugo Pine is very low maintenance. Valley Cushion Mugo Pine has emerald green foliage. It's a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a fine texture. Pinus mugo Very hardy upright, multi-stemmed, mounded shrub with dense green needles. During outbreaks, needles may be nearly covered with the bodies of the scales, giving an appearance that the plant is spattered with white paint. Its name may be somewhat misleading. Dwarf Mugo Pine has emerald green foliage. Unlike the leaves on deciduous trees, pine trees never regrow their needles. Until recently, pine needle blight diseases have had only minor impacts on native and exotic forest trees in the North of Spain, but in the past five years, these pathogen species have spread. Yellowing on needles of Mugo Pine. It is now about half brown. Although we have seen needle cast diseases as far west as Minot, we expect it to occur rarely, if at all, west of U. This naturally dwarf pine; with its very short; deep green needles; is an exceptional evergreen bonsai. The fungus Ploioderma lethale causes Ploioderma needle cast on two- and three-needle pines. James, if you still intend to bring this home it would though out of season for initial treatment be good to begin treatment now, both with this Mugo, and on the home front (preventative). Mugo Pine is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen tree with an upright spreading habit of growth. resinosa) and Scots. Diseases of Conifers Needle Cast: Needle cast is a group of tree diseases that cause conifers to shed needles. In order to test. Dark green needles proudly adorn stiff, upright branches. Primary hosts: Scots and mugo pine but also Virginia, Austrian, red, limber, Monterey and eastern white pines. The dark green needles are in 2;s and are 1 to 3 inches long, stiff and prickly. resinosa), and Swiss mountain (P. Canker diseases may rarely cause dieback of landscape Pines. The needles remain emerald green throughout the winter. Canker diseases may rarely cause die back of landscape Pines. It is at this point that needle-plucking is carried out on a Mugo Pine. Diplodia tip blight, is a fungal tree disease most commonly affecting Austrian pines (Pinus nigra), Scotch pine (P. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage. Needle cast is common on small trees and plantation or forest trees. uncinata at two sites in the montane zone with different edaphic and microclimatic conditions and examined for the diversity of endophytic fungi. mugo), red (P. Mugo pine trees are virtually maintenance-free and are extremely resistant to insects and disease. Thread starter study up on Mugo pine care by reading posts and articles by @Vance Wood on this forum. Landscape Attributes. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter. Our slow growing Dwarf Mugo Pine -- a perfect, natural sculpture -- is the tree for you. Lophodermium seditiosum infects needles of Austrian (Pinus nigra), mugo (P. Pine wilt is a lethal disease caused by a native nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus), vectored to trees by a wood borer insect-the pine sawyer beetle (Monochamus spp. Companion Planting and Design - Mugo pine can be used as a wonderful low maintenance design solution in city settings, xeric landscapes, and Japanese gardens. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Longleaf Pine. Though Pinus mugo has something of a poor reputation as bonsai, with the correct techniques, Mugos are easy to cultivate and style. Early identification and removal of infected areas is the best method of control. Pine needle rust infects pine trees, and members of the aster family. In spring, this disease comes to life, spreading by way of spores to nearby trees and fallen needle foliage. Mycobiota in symptomless needles of Pinus mugo ssp. 5m x 4m after 20 years. This slow-growing spreading pine can eventually reach 8 foot wide and 10 foot wide, but can be pruned to keep at 1 foot or less. 5 needles per fasicle ; approx. 624″ N, 15°43′19. Tip browning of pines is symptomatic of Diplodia tip blight (Diplodia pinea, syn. Honey Bun Mugo Pine is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. If so; our slow growing Dwarf Mugo Pine is the tree for you. Valley Cushion Mugo Pine has emerald green foliage. Landscape Attributes. The stress can have environmental causes or may be the result of disease. Excellent as a specimen or in small groupings. Early symptoms of pine wilt are visible as wilted, gray-green or brown needles which remain attached to the tree. Thread starter study up on Mugo pine care by reading posts and articles by @Vance Wood on this forum. Diplodia Tip Blight: Sphaeropsis sapinea Dead, brown needles at the tips of pine branches may signal the presence of Diplodia tip blight. ) caused by the nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. monoecious; no ornamental value ; Fruit. Dothistroma needle blight is infrequently observed on spruce (Picea spp. Needle blight: Unlike the other two diseases, Austrian and Ponderosa are the most affected of the pines. Primary hosts: Scots and mugo pine but also Virginia, Austrian, red, limber, Monterey and eastern white pines. Yellowing on needles of Mugo Pine. As a group, these conifers are much better adapted to our soils and climate than firs (Abies) and spruces (Picea). Ponderosa), but it can also dam-age Scotch pine (P. The mugo pine (Pinus mugo), cultivated throughout U. The Dwarf Mugo Pine hails from the high mountains of Europe, but makes a delightful addition to gardens here in the states. Mycobiota in symptomless needles of Pinus mugo ssp. permutata is listed as a vector of Pierce's virus disease of grapevines. 3 Mugo Pine - Swiss Mountain Pine (Pinus Mugo, mughus) - Bonsai or Landscape More Buying Choices $23. Host Plants: Austrian pine, ponderosa pine, Scots pine and mugo pine. The white, oystershell-shaped scales can completely cover needles, causing plant discoloration to needle and branch death. This is a relatively low maintenance tree. Pines are generally easy to care for, but can be plagued by pests. Its name may be somewhat misleading. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter. Needle cast is a broad group of fungal diseases that cause conifers to shed needles. Pinus mugo is known as a spreading, slow-growing evergreen shrub with ascending branches and relatively short needles, used at foundations and entranceways, on embankments, within rock gardens, as a facer shrub, as formal or informal hedges, and in raised planters, often getting larger than intended, but tolerant of pruning or shearing. A symptom of this disease appears on the pine needles as bands of yellow and red. My vote is to prune it back so close to the ground that it dies. pine trees study guide by mgilvey includes 9 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. The needles are longer, in proportion to its larger size. Cause - The fungus, Dothistroma septospora, overwinters in infected needles and produces small, black, spore-bearing structures (acervuli), which break through the dead needle epidermis in late winter or early spring. It looks like it has several diseases due to descriptions I have found online. I'm going to attach pictures, the one I can't find much information on is when the pine needles look burnt, almost like the tips of burning cigarettes (ash). Scotch pine is the main host of pine wilt, but the disease also occurs in Austrian, Jack, Mugo and Red pine. 5' tall x 2' wide in 10 years.